Twice in the New Testament Paul refers to delivering someone to Satan. Sound a bit harsh? In the most recent issue of the Tyndale Bulletin, I explain what I think is going on in these curious cases. You can read the full article here. I have also provided an abstract (summary) of the article below. (Warning: This is more of an academic piece.)
In 1 Corinthians 5:5, the Apostle Paul tells the Corinthian believers to hand a man living in sexual immorality over to Satan. In 1 Timothy 1:20, Paul tells Timothy that he handed Hymenaeus and Alexander over to Satan. In these passages, Paul’s language is strikingly similar to language contained in the prologue to Job. In Job 1:6-12, Satan disputes the blamelessness of Job and seeks Yahweh’s permission to test Job’s integrity. First, Yahweh allows Satan to attack Job’s most prized possessions (Job 1:12). After the first attack fails, Satan asks for Yahweh’s permission to assault Job physically. Then, in Job 2:6, the LORD says to Satan, “Behold, I deliver him to you.” In this paper, I argue that in both 1 Corinthians 5:5 and 1 Timothy 1:20 Paul draws from the prologue to Job, portraying Satan as an enemy of God who nevertheless can play the part of an ally in the process of church discipline.